The Department of Homeland Security and the FBI released a report today detailing Russian efforts to hack into US government entities and infrastructure sectors, including energy, nuclear, commercial, water, aviation and critical manufacturing sector…
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When scientists sequenced the human genome, it gave us an unprecedented (and organized) understanding of how genes affect our health. In recent years, researchers have taken a similar interest in understanding the human microbiome, and its impact on health — especially when it comes to the bacteria that thrive in our gut.
If you’ve ever taken a probiotic supplement, you already know that some bacteria are “good,” and that sometimes, not having enough gut bacteria can be detrimental, and even fatal. Science still has a long ways to go in fully understanding exactly how the microbiome influences our overall health, but researchers at Yale have made a discovery that’s given us a better sense of just how influential our gut bacteria can be. Especially if they decide to go rogue.
The Wandering Bacterium
The recent study, published in the journal Science, found that a specific type of gut bacteria can actually leave our gastrointestinal system and cause trouble elsewhere in the body. Furthermore, the researchers found that when that bacterium, Enterococcus gallinarum, relocates to other organs (like the lymph nodes, liver, and spleen) it appears to trigger an inflammatory response.
That response, such as the release of antibodies, seems to be linked to the development of autoimmune conditions like lupus.
The team started by demonstrating the link in mice who had been genetically engineered to be susceptible to developing autoimmune diseases. They then confirmed that human patients with autoimmune diseases often have E. gallinarum in their livers.
Promisingly, the researchers also found that they could even suppress this autoimmune response in mice with an antibiotic or vaccine that targeted E. gallinarum. By keeping the bacterium from growing, they could reduce its impact on the immune system.
The Yale researchers aren’t the first to make the connection between the gut microbiome and autoimmune disease, but their research is now part of a much broader research effort to strengthen that connection. If clear cause-and-effect can be established between the onset of certain conditions with the presence of specific bacteria, the researchers believe that treatments to keep the bacteria at bay — such as antibiotics or vaccines — could stall, or prevent, the development of the autoimmune disease associated with it.
The post Wandering Gut Bacteria Could Be Behind Conditions Like Lupus appeared first on Futurism.
If you've used Twitter for long enough, you've probably seen someone retweet a truism or obviously plagiarized quote from accounts that are clearly trying to force their tweets to go viral. You won't have to put up with some of those accounts from no…
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The Samsung Galaxy S9 has a slower processor than the iPhone 8 and the iPhone X, according to early benchmarks of Samsung’s new device, after tests of the Android smartphone’s Exynos 9810 chip reveal it to lag far behind the Apple-created A10 and A11 processors.
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Today, Amazon has agreed to acquire Ring – the company behind the Ring Doorbell, an internet-connected doorbell that offers a live visual and audible feeds at your home’s front door. Likewise, you can intercom with guests who arrive at your home via the Ring app. An agreement was made to the tune of over $ 1 billion, though this is an estimated number based on reports. Specific terms of the deal haven’t been made known just yet, but we don’t expect the Ring brand to go anywhere. Amazon will keep Ring’s core business intact as a daughter company while Amazon sprinkles its name and Prime…
President Trump plans to name Brad Parscale, the digital director of his 2016 campaign, to run his re-election bid, according to the Drudge Report. The Associated Press has since corroborated the report.
Parscale, who started off with the campaign by building its website, became known for commanding an ambitious data project, as laid out in a Businessweek profile from the time. He was also known for his use of social media during the campaign. Businessweek described him as one of the few people trusted with ghost-writing Trump’s tweets.
The campaign’s — and Parscale’s — Facebook strategy has drawn particular scrutiny. As The Verge has reported, Facebook’s system rewards more…
Apple this evening uploaded a new “Portrait Lighting” video to its YouTube channel, which is designed to give a behind the scenes look at how the Portrait Lighting effects on the iPhone X were created.
Take a look behind the iPhone X and discover the process we went through to create Portrait Lighting. Combining timeless lighting principles with advanced machine learning, we created an iPhone that takes studio-quality portraits without the studio.
In the video, Apple explains that it worked with global image makers and some of the world’s best photographers to combine timeless lighting principles with machine learning techniques.
The result was the Portrait Lighting feature available in Portrait Mode on the iPhone X and the iPhone 8 Plus. On iPhone X, Portrait Lighting is available for both the front and rear facing cameras thanks to the TrueDepth camera system, while on iPhone 8 Plus, it’s available for shots captured with the rear camera.
Apple’s Portrait Lighting feature is designed to use sophisticated algorithms to calculate how your facial features interact with light, creating unique lighting effects.
There are several Portrait mode lighting presets, including Natural Light, Studio Light (lights up your face), Contour Light (adds dramatic shadows), Stage Light (spotlights your face against a dark background), and Stage Light Mono (Stage Light, but in black and white).
Apple has also highlighted Portrait Lighting in several past video ads showing off iPhone X features.
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“How to Break Up With Your Phone” author Catherine Price explains on the latest Too Embarrassed to Ask.
Last week on Too Embarrassed to Ask, we heard how the attendees of the Code Media conference were trying to mediate their various tech addictions.
But if you’re trying to use tech less, it might be helpful to consider: Are you really addicted? What is going on in your brain when you find yourself picking up your phone 12 times per hour?
“Our brains really like being distracted,” said Catherine Price, the author of “How to Break Up With Your Phone.” “We do not have a natural tendency to be able to focus on things, which makes sense if you think about it from an evolutionary perspective — there might be something that’s trying to kill you, so you want to notice if there’s movement in the periphery of your vision or whatever.”
Price told Recode’s Kara Swisher, The Verge’s Lauren Goode and — bonus guest! — Kara’s son Louie that she does support using the word “addiction” to describe how a lot of people use their phones. Referring to data about the five million users of the app Moment, provided to her by that app’s developer, she said tech is “triggering the same circuits and chemicals in your brain that typify addiction.”
“The average person is spending four hours a day on their phone, and that does not count phone calls or listening to music — it’s just times when the screen is on,” Price said. “To me, that was a really striking number. That’s a quarter of our waking lives.”
On the new podcast, Price mediated which Swisher — Kara or Louie — is more addicted to their phone, and offered some habits and tricks that everyone can adopt to develop a healthier relationship with their smartphones. She also explained some of the brain science behind what we commonly call “addiction.”
“In particular, we’re talking about dopamine, which is a ‘salience chemical,’” Price said. “It basically tells you when you’ve encountered something interesting that’s worth remembering and paying attention to. And that could be good or bad — some kind of emotional excitement or relevance.”
“So if you think about what happens when you check your phone, you are nearly guaranteed to always find something, whether it’s a text or an irritating email or a post that makes you mad or something that makes you happy, whatever — there’s going to be a trigger,” she added. “When that happens, your brain releases a little bit of dopamine, and that basically is teaching your brain that it’s important to check your phone, which makes you want to check your phone more.”
And if you’re already using your phone, for example scrolling through the endless waterfall of tweets in the Twitter app, that can be dangerous because there’s no-built in cue for your brain to stop seeking more and more short bursts of dopamine.
“I think of it as like if you’re binging on ice cream,” Price said. “Your spoon will eventually hit the bottom of the pint of ice cream, and that’s called a ‘stopping cue.’ It’s something that makes you stop what you’re doing and decide if you want to continue. You could continue if you got up and got more ice cream, but you’d have to be proactive about it. With social media feeds, there’s nothing like that. It’s deliberately meant to keep us going and going.”
Have questions about tech addiction or anything else that you want us to address in a future episode? Tweet them to @Recode with the hashtag #TooEmbarrassed, or email them to TooEmbarrassed@recode.net.
If you like this show, you should also check out our other podcasts:
- Recode Decode, hosted by Kara Swisher, is a weekly show featuring in-depth interviews with the movers and shakers in tech and media every Monday. You can subscribe on Apple Podcasts, Spotify, Pocket Casts, Overcast or wherever you listen to podcasts.
- Recode Media with Peter Kafka features no-nonsense conversations with the smartest and most interesting people in the media world, with new episodes every Thursday. Use these links to subscribe on Apple Podcasts, Spotify, Pocket Casts, Overcast or wherever you listen to podcasts.
- And finally, Recode Replay has all the audio from our live events, such as the Code Conference, Code Media and the Code Commerce Series. Subscribe today on Apple Podcasts, Spotify, Pocket Casts, Overcast or wherever you listen to podcasts.
When a new iPhone launches, iFixit goes to work performing its ritual teardown dance so all of us can marvel at Apple’s latest technology and peek at it from the inside…. Read the rest of this post here
“Video: behind the scenes of iFixit’s iPhone X teardown” is an article by iDownloadBlog.com.
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