IoT identity and management revenues to hit $21.5bn by 2022, says ABI Research

ABI Research projects that revenues from IoT identity and management are heading to hit the $ 21.5 billion benchmark by 2022, driven by IoT platform services together with security, cryptography, digital certificate management and data exchange services.

According to predictions put forward by the advisory firm in its report “​Thing Identity and Management Services”, IDoT (Identity of Things) services will realise robust growth over the next five years driven primarily by the industrial, manufacturing, and automotive industries.

Dimitrios Pavlakis, industry analyst at ABI Research, said: “Through ‘smarter gateways’, cloud services, and application programming interface (API)-focused solutions, thing identity and management services are steadily finding their way in a wider spectrum of IoT verticals.”

Although some industries are not so up-to-date in terms of security, vendors in the IoT market are finally making investment moves in encryption and device certificate management. Some of the leading verticals that are eating up over 60% of the total global revenues include aftermarket telematics, fleet management, OEM telematics, metering, home security, and automation.

Elsewhere, a BCC Research report projected that the value of the global IoT networking solutions market is anticipated to reach $ 1 trillion by 2022 at a CAGR of 21.6%. The report titled “Internet of Things (IoT) Networks: Technologies and Global Markets to 2022” highlighted that the Asia Pacific’s IoT networking solutions market is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 27.6% through 2022, followed by Europe with a CAGR of 23.8% and market share of 31.3%.

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Apple chip maker TSMC plans 5-nanometer chips for 2020, 3-nanometer in 2022


Apple’s chip manufacturer TSMC today broke ground on its first 5-nanometer fabrication facility in Taiwan, promising that 5-nanometer chips will be commercially available in 2020, with 3-nanometer chips planned for 2022. The tiny new processors will guarantee that future smartphones continue to shrink while offering superior performance and battery life to today’s models.

First shown in physical form by IBM and Samsung last June, the 5-nanometer chip process is capable of squeezing 30 billion transistors — digital on-off switches — into fingernail-sized chips, doubling or tripling the transistor counts of 10-nanometer chips. TSMC’s 5-nanometer process uses extreme ultraviolet lithography, requiring an expensive super-fine laser that has only recently become commercially viable.

Smaller, higher density transistors let chipmakers choose between faster performance, longer battery life, or a balance of speed and battery improvements. A 5-nanometer chip might be four times as power-efficient as a 10-nanometer chip while offering the same performance, or four times as fast with the same battery life. Vendors commonly choose something in the middle, such as twice the speed of a prior chip with half the battery drain.

Though many companies manufacture chips, Intel, Samsung, and TSMC are the industry’s three leaders, fabricating chips used by top consumer electronics brands. For instance, IBM relies upon Samsung, while Apple and Qualcomm alternate between TSMC and Samsung for their self-designed chips. Chipmakers earn business by delivering millions of trouble-free parts on schedule, but demanding customers require cutting-edge fabrication techniques that only leading manufacturers can afford. Unlike TSMC, Samsung stumbled on 7-nanometer manufacturing, the interim step between 10- and 5-nanometer chips, and lost some of Qualcomm’s business as a result.

TSMC’s new facility will have a three-phase ramp-up over three years, eventually producing over half a billion 5-nanometer chips per year in Tainan’s Southern Taiwan Science Park when 5G smartphones are in peak demand. The company is investing over $ 17 billion in the factory and $ 24 billion in 5-nanometer technology as a whole, with plans to fabricate 3-nanometer chips in the same location.

Apple – VentureBeat

Apple Will Spend $4.2 Billion on Original TV Content By 2022

Apple’s original content ambitions are no secret: the company wants to acquire or produce a range of original and compelling television content for streaming on-demand. Earlier this year, Apple went on a hiring tangent — snapping up multiple television and film industry executives in a bid to spearhead its in-house content production projects; and the company even allocated $ 1 billion to help get those projects off the ground.

Now, in an indication that Apple is getting even more serious about its original video endeavors, a brand-new Variety report claims that the iPhone maker will bump up its video production allowance to as much as $ 4.23 billion by 2022, as part of a broader effort to expand and re-brand Apple Music.

Ultimately, according to long-time Apple watchdog slash former Piper Jaffray analyst, Gene Munster, Cupertino’s goal is to position Apple Music as a direct competitor to existing video-on-demand subscription services, such as Netflix or Amazon Prime.

Definitely worth pointing out is that while Apple may increase its bankroll by a couple billion dollars over the next few years, the same video streaming companies it’s trying to compete with, according to Munster’s predictions, will also up their spending to as much as $ 6.84 and $ 8.34 billion, respectively, over the same timeframe.

Interestingly, Munster’s predictions are coming off the heels of separate report which suggested that Netflix could spend as much as $ 8 billion to develop original content in 2018, while Amazon is already expected to spend more than $ 4.5 billion this year, alone, Variety noted.

Still, Munster believes Apple’s goal is to re-brand Apple Music over the next two or three years — expanding and re-focusing the digital audio streaming platform to encompass “much more than just songs.”

“Apple should be able to quickly expand their sub base given they have a running start with just over 30 million Apple Music subs that will have access to the video offering for the same $ 10 per month,” Munster noted in his blog post, noting that the company’s move to increase spending and expand the Apple Music brand is consistent with its pledge to continue growing its increasingly profitable Services Business.

Of course, while he’s a credible source of Apple knowledge, neither Munster (nor the rest of us) know for sure whether Apple’s original video content will even debut on Apple Music — and we don’t know when it’ll debut… Although we did recently learn about some of the company’s first, upcoming productions,  which will include a reboot of Steven Spielberg’s classic “Amazing Stories” anthology, in addition to a new and original drama series starring Jennifer Aniston and Reese Witherspoon.

Are you looking forward to watching Apple’s original video programming? Let us know in the comments!

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Exploding Binary Stars Will Light up the Sky in 2022

Stellar collisions are an amazingly rare thing. According to our best estimates, such events only occur in our galaxy (within globular clusters) once every 10,000 years. It’s only been recently, thanks to ongoing improvements in instrumentation and technology, that astronomers have been able to observe such mergers taking place. As of yet, no one has ever witnessed this phenomena in action – but that may be about to change!

According to study from a team of researchers from Calvin College in Grand Rapids, Michigan, a binary star system that will likely merge and explode in 2022. This is an historic find, since it will allow astronomers to witness a stellar merger and explosion for the first time in history. What’s more, they claim, this explosion will be visible with the naked-eye to observers here on Earth.

The findings were presented at the 229th Meeting of the American Astronomical Society (AAS). In a presentation titled “A Precise Prediction of a Stellar Merger and Red Nova Outburst“, Professor Lawrence Molnar and his team shared findings that indicate how this binary pair will merge in about six years time. This event, they claim, will cause an outburst of light so bright that it will become the brightest object in the night sky.

Professor Lawrence Molnar of the Calvin College’s Dept. of Physics and Astronomy. He predicts KIC 9832227 will collide and explode in 2022. Credit: calvin.edu

This binary star system, which is known as KIC 9832227, is one that Prof. Molnar and his colleagues – which includes students from the Apache Point Observatory and the University of Wyoming – have been monitoring since 2013. His interest in the star was piqued during a conference in 2013 when Karen Kinemuchi (an astronomers with the Apache Point Observatory) presented findings about brightness changes in the star.

This led to questions about the nature of this star system – specifically, whether it was a pulsar or a binary pair. After conducting their own observations using the Calvin observatory, Prof. Molnar and his colleagues concluded that the star was a  contact binary – a class of binary star where the two stars are close enough to share an atmosphere. This brought to mind similar research in the past about another binary star system known as V1309 Scorpii.

This binary pair also had a shared atmosphere; and over time, their orbital period kept decreasing until (in 2008) they unexpectedly collided and exploded. Believing that KIC 9832227 would undergo a similar fate, they began conducting tests to see if the star system was exhibiting the same behavior. The first step was to make spectroscopic observations to see if their observations could be explained by the presence of a companion star.

As Cara Alexander, a Calvin College student and one of the co-authors on the team’s research paper, explained in a college press release:

“We had to rule out the possibility of a third star. That would have been a pedestrian, boring explanation. I was processing data from two telescopes and obtained images that showed a signature of our star and no sign of a third star. Then we knew we were looking at the right thing. It took most of the summer to analyze the data, but it was so exciting. To be a part of this research, I don’t know any other place where I would get an opportunity like that; Calvin is an amazing place.”

Diagram showing the summer constellations of Cygnus and Lyra and the position of KIC 9832227 (shown with a red circle). Credit: calvin.edu

The next step was to measure the pair’s orbital period, to see it was in fact getting shorter over time – which would indicate that the stars were moving closer to each other. By 2015, Prof. Molnar and his team determined that the stars would eventually collide, resulting in a kind of stellar explosion known as a “Red Nova”. Initially, they estimated this would take place between 2018 and 2020, but have since placed the date at 2022.

In addition, they predict that the burst of light it will cause will be bright enough to be seen from Earth. The star will be visible as part of the constellation Cygnus, and it appear as an addition star in the familiar Northern Cross star pattern (see above). This is an historic case, since no astronomer has ever been able to accurately predict when and where a stellar collision would take place in the past.

What’s more, this discovery is immensely significant because it represents a break with the traditional discovery process. Not only have small research institutions and universities not been the ones to take the lead on these sorts of discoveries in the past, but student-and-teacher teams have also not been the ones who got to make them. As Molnar explained it:

“Most big scientific projects are done in enormous groups with thousands of people and billions of dollars. This project is just the opposite. It’s been done using a small telescope, with one professor and a few students looking for something that is not likely. Nobody has ever predicted a nova explosion before. Why pay someone to do something that almost certainly won’t succeed? It’s a high-risk proposal. But at Calvin it’s only my risk, and I can use my work on interesting, open-ended questions to bring extra excitement into my classroom. Some projects still have an advantage when you don’t have as much time or money.”

The model Prof. Molnar and his team constructed of the double star system KIC 9832227, which is a contact binary (i.e. two stars that are touching). Credit: calvin.edu.

Over the course of the year, Molnar and his colleagues will be monitoring KIC 9832227 carefully, and in multiple wavelengths. This will be done with the help of the NROA’s Very Large Array (VLA), NASA’s Infrared Telescope Facility at Mauna Kea, and the ESA’s XMM-Newton spacecraft. These observatories will study the star’s radio, infrared and X-ray emissions, respectively.

Molnar also expects that amateur astronomers will be able to monitor the pair’s orbital timing and variations in brightness. And if he and his team’s predictions are correct, every student and stargazer in the northern hemisphere – not to mention people who just happen to be out for a walk – will be privy to the amazing light show. This is sure to be a once-in-a-lifetime event, so stay tuned for more information.

Interestingly enough, this historic discovery is also the subject of a documentary film. Titled “Luminous“, the documentary – which is directed by Sam Smartt, a Calvin professor of communication arts and sciences – chronicles the process that led Prof. Molnar and his team to make this unprecedented discovery. The documentary will also include footage of the Red Nova as it happens in 2022, and is expected to be released sometime in 2023.

The post Exploding Binary Stars Will Light up the Sky in 2022 appeared first on Futurism.

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Singapore’s driverless buses to serve three towns by 2022

While driverless buses are making cameos in Las Vegas and Michigan, they're set to become a more common sight in Singapore in the near future. Following initial trials of an autonomous shuttle (fit for 80 passengers), the country plans to bring a mix…
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